Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD leaves its victims with fear of their surroundings and a constant feeling of being in danger. This mental condition develops in people who have been through a traumatic event in their past. Natural calamities, vehicle accidents, wars, or any other incident that damages your physical and emotional well-being are all examples of traumatic events. Let’s read on to find out more about PTSD and the different ways to handle it.
Being frightened or in shock after a traumatic experience is typical. That feeling of danger slowly fades away over time. However, if those feelings don’t decrease on their own even after weeks have passed, you might be suffering from PTSD. There is also a general misconception that PTSD is only triggered only by extreme events like military combat or rape. Any series of small but unfortunate events can easily lead you to be emotionally compromised and develop the condition.
PTSD Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of PTSD vary from person to person. This variation happens as we all have different mental endurance levels and the capacity to take the stress. The symptoms of PTSD usually occur due to specific reasons like being reminded of the traumatic event. Furthermore, even simple things like a smell or even sounds can result in aggravating the symptoms. So, without further ado, let’s have a quick read through the most common symptoms of PTSD.
- The traumatic experience repeats itself over through flashbacks, nightmares, and the occurrence of any event that serves as a reminder.
- A feeling of being emotionally detached and showing a loss of interest in daily activities becomes persistent.
- The ones affected with PTSD always stay alert for no reason, get angry instantly, and portray aggressive behavior.
- People with PTSD find it difficult to concentrate, have negative behavior, and a feeling of hopelessness.
As mentioned earlier, the symptoms are not the same for every person affected with PTSD because of the diversity in mental health, difference in access to healthcare, and socioeconomic status.
Five Types of PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder is categorized into five different types, and each one exhibits different levels of severity and symptoms.
1. Normal Stress Response
It’s a condition triggered by excessive stress and anxiety taken from any unfortunate event such as an accident, illness, or injury. Normal stress response does not require medication and can be resolved with therapy and family support.
2. Acute Stress Disorder
Natural disasters or extreme, life-threatening events can lead to acute stress disorder. The condition can also develop in safety from the calamity but have lost a loved one in the same incident. Therefore, appropriate treatment is required along therapy sessions to control the condition effectively.
3. Complex PTSD
This type of PTSD is triggered by a series of events occurring from childhood, in most cases. Complex PTSD can also be accompanied by several other medical conditions. Aggressive behavior and anger are evident in people affected with complex PTSD. Due to the intensity and severity of symptoms, there is a possibility of experiencing an accident while on the road. In instances like these, knowing how to handle the repercussions, claim a car accident compensation, and what your general rights are can be very helpful. Still, it is best to not drive on your own if you have recently experienced any symptoms.
4. Acute PTSD
It results from a single event impactful enough to trigger the condition. Mood changes and nightmares can be seen in people with acute PTSD. Appropriate medication and therapy sessions are recommended as a treatment.
5. Comorbid PTSD
It is the most complicated type of person affected by more than one type of mental health condition. Avoiding any kind of treatment can be detrimental to the health of individuals with comorbid PTSD. Multiple therapy sessions by a certified psychiatrist are recommended to thoroughly address the issues.
Mechanism of PTSD
During stressful events, the body undergoes changes to release an abundance of chemicals that make us ready to react to the situation instantly. The blood pressure rises, the heart starts beating fast, and the muscles get pumped up from the release of chemicals. After the critical time has passed, slowly, the body returns to its normal state. Unfortunately, the brain of a person having PTSD cannot recognize that the important moments have passed away and are unable to return to their normal functioning state.
As a diverse species, we also experience the same event differently. For instance, in the situation of a natural disaster, a majority of people would become concerned for their safety, feel disconnected, or have the notion of being in danger only for a few weeks. Nevertheless, these problems remain persistent in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder.