Australia, with its 25,760 km coastline, is home to 170 species of sharks of a total of approximately 440 species found globally. Despite common beliefs about sharks, only a very small number of species such as the Great White Shark, Tiger Shark and Bull Shark present a threat to human lives at sea. Some of them such as the Great White shark and Grey Nurse are listed as critically endangered species and need special protection.
Meet the Whale Sharks, which are the largest of the Shark family and the largest of all the fish in the sea, at the Ningaloo Reef of Western Australia. From late March to August each year, the whale sharks are spotted abundantly on the rich waters of the Ningaloo Reef. Surprisingly, the whale shark is a harmless plankton eater.
Great White Sharks
Let your adrenalin rush, at your chance meeting with the largest flesh-eating shark in the world! Responsible for the majority of unprovoked attackes on humans are the Great White Sharks found at Exmouth Western Australia.
Posing no threat to humans, unless provoked, the Port Jacksons live in rocky gullies and caves south from the Queensland-NSW border to the Houtman Abrolhos, WA, including Tasmania. They feed on starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers and molluscs.
Found on Australian waters from Broome, WA, to Brisbane, Queensland, including Tasmania, the Threshers are powerful sharks. They are not aggressive toward humans.
The Pygmy Shark measures less than 30 cm when fully grown and is harmless to humans. It’s found in tropical and warm-temperate seas from Perth to Rowley Shoals, west of Broome, WA.
It is named for the stripes on its young and turn into spots in adulthood.
It is found in Australian waters north from Sydney around to Port Gregory, WA.
Tiger Sharks, the Tasselled Wobbegong, Oceanic White-tips, Blacktip Reefs, Broze Whaler, the Great Hammerhead are some of the other sharks that are found in the Australian Waters.